The largest museum of crime and punishment in Europe, this one displays about 7,000 instruments
of torture - ugly stuff, but it's sure as heck medieval. It's also professionally presented and matter - of-factly
labeled in both German and English.
Location: On Burggasse, near Schmiedgasse. For opening times visit
the official page here.
Kriminalmuseum (Criminal Museum)
A gem, even if you're not a collector. The evolution of dolls and stuffed animals (including
early ones by Steiff) is interesting, but the real scene-stealers are miniature kitchens and replica rooms, the
earliest of which were used to teach young girls how to keep house. Reproductions of some of the miniatures are on
sale in the museum's tiny shop.
Location: On Hofbronnengasse, just down from
For opening hours and prices see official page here.
The Riemenschneider Altar:
This is a masterpiece in wood, carved by Tilman Riemenschneider between 1499 and 1505. Properly
called the Altar of the Holy Blood, it depicts the Last Supper and was commissioned by the Rothenburg city council
to display a gold cross holding three drops of Christ's blood, a medieval object of pilgrimage. It stands in the
upper west gallery of St. Jacob's Church, a Gothic gem begun in 1311. The 14th - century main altar downstairs is
St James’s Church:
A predecessor of the present building existed in the second half of the 12th century and
belonged to the parish of Detwang before being transferred to the Teutonic Order in 1258. In 1266 a chapel of the
Holy Blood was consecrated. Rothenburg became an independent parish in 1286, and the church was subsequently
rebuilt. The lofty proportions, simplicity and clarity of the exterior create a monumental effect, and today the St
James’s Church is one of the landmarks of Rothenburg.
The City Hall is really two buildings, a Baroque one on Marktplatz and an earlier Gothic
structure next to it on Herrngasse. The 30-metre tower rises from the older one.
The view is spectacular and shows you, better than any map, how the town is fortified and how
strategically it's sited. Entrance on Herrngasse, around the corner from Marktplatz.
The Reichsstadtmuseum is in a former Dominican convent, a big, rambling building dating to 1258.
It displays centuries-old furniture, painting, weapons, Jewish relics, farm equipment and what's claimed to be the
oldest existing medieval kitchen. You can look into private, walled gardens from the museum's upper windows.
From 1294, Rothenburg was a Free Imperial City, almost a mini-country, a status it kept for
nearly 400 years, until after the Thirty Years' War.
Walking around the town, it will be hard to miss the fountains. Probably the best known one is
the fountain situated at the corner of the town square has a fountain featuring a statue of St George.